Category Archives: Internet

Shallow thinking

I’ve just received my copy of The Shallows.\1/ I’m looking forward to reading it, but not right now, as I’ve several other books on the go at the moment. I did, however, peek at the prologue where Carr mentions McLuhan (how could he not?), and the fact that the Internet is the latest medium to spur the debate on the impact of new media.

It struck me that while the Internet revolution may be as significant, or more significant than the Gutenburg revolution, there is an interesting difference. (Perhaps Carr will cover this in the book.) In the Internet Age we have the impact of visual representations (on television and in films [movies]) of what computer technology might be able to achieve. People in Gutenburg’s time experienced a revolution that unfolded over time, but we are in the middle of one that has been imagined ahead of time, and in considerable detail. That must surely have a major impact on how the revolution will play out, for reality is fast outpacing our earliest imaginings.

The Matrix is one powerful representation, but I suspect that Star Trek is more powerful, for it is in Star Trek that (information) technology is presented as ubiquitous and almost totally benign. I don’t mean the original Star Trek series, but the more recent ones: Next Generation, Deep Space Nine, Voyager, and even Enterprise. It is the great boon to society. Everything can be solved by means of technology, and usually instantaneously. Information is always somehow available. It is only in the face of unexplained interference or sabotage that the tense drama of being stranded in hostile terrain can be played out, but those scenarios are few and far between. (How is is that crew members can get stuck in turbolifts when site-to-site transport can be used in other emergencies?) More often, Star Trek captains command their chief engineers to solve impossible problems in unbelievably short timescales. And they always achieve the impossible. Mission Impossible happens in every episode to the nth degree. Kirk, Picard, Sisco and Janeway are not the real heroes, rather they are Scotty, Chief O’Brien, and B’Elana Torres.

And this presentation of technology affects many other more popular films and television series, so even those who have never seen Star Trek see the Star Trek Paradigm visualized regularly. Mobile [cell] phones may not be Star Trek communicators or tricorders, but they are the twenty-first century prototypes of twenty-fourth century fiction. We want the Internet to become what the Federation Database has become.

This advance visualization must have a massive impact on the Internet Revolution. The Internet already affects the way we speak: we no longer look things up, we google them. And it must surely be affecting the way we think. The Big Switch\2/ made a lot of sense of things for me, and I’m hoping Carr will do the same in The Shallows. But no matter the pressure of the instantaneous Internet, I will savour the deferred gratification of holding back starting until I can devote sufficient time to serious reading and reflection.



1. Nicholas Carr, The Shallows: How the internet is changing the way we think, read and remember (London: Atlantic Books, 2010).

2. Nicholas Carr, The Big Switch: Rewiring the World, from Edison to Google (New York: W W Norton, 2008).

Googling ourselves to death?

I’ve just finished reading a couple of articles that deserve wider exposure. Bryan Appleyard wrote in The Times on 20 July 2008 “Stoooopid … why the Google generation isn’t as smart as it thing: The digital age is destroying us by ruining our ability to concentrate.” Nicholas Carr wrote an article earlier in The Atlantic Monthly for July/August 2008 entitled “Is Google Making Us Stupid? What the Internet is doing to our brains.”

Like both writers I’ve found myself less able to read deeply in a sustained manner over the past few years. And like them, I would attribute this to the effects of the Web.

Two weeks without Internet access on holiday threw me back to reading from dead trees almost exclusively. Only almost exclusively because I brought my laptop with me. Extremely limited television viewing for the past month has also reinforced my use of print. I think I’ve read more thoughtfully, even though I still read at a fast pace of knots. (During the fortnight, I managed to read Dorothy Sayer’s novel The Nine Tailors, Sinclair Ferguson’s The Pundit’s Folly, David Wells’s The Courage to be Protestant, and Ravi Zacharias’s The Grand Weaver. Some reflections may follow.)

Over the past year or so I’ve increasingly printed out Internet articles I wanted to read, initially because of deteriorating myopia, but now more because I can interact with them the better. I usually scribble objections, agreements and thoughts, tangential or otherwise, in the narrow margins, continuing onto discarded sheets previously printed, but still containing valuable white space. I might scream at the screen, but would rarely put pencil to paper unless I am reading from paper. Somehow the screen encourages only screams, but the catharsis of writing reflections on my reading seems altogether more satisfactory, and much easier when you have the printed paper before you.

And the very act of writing also helps clarify my thinking (though much muddle undoubtedly remains). Even if my scribblings lie in my ever ascending Tower of Babel, I seem to retain much more of their logic and reason than when I just skim on-screen. Our modern day fountain of knowledge seems like it has devastating consequences like the ancient tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Instead of a clarity of thought, there is a great muddle of unconnected and rapidly fading factoids.

It is gravely concerning to see British government blithely pursuing an educational policy of seeking to provide ever more computer and Internet access to cure falling educational attainment targets (as reported on a recent BBC news broadcast). It seems like trying to cure an inveterate gambler’s addiction by providing free chips for his local casino. But then, education is following health policy — provide free methadone for heroin addicts. That will surely cure their drug problems.

Once we get online voting for local and national elections, Parliament and local councils will be little more than Big Brother where we eject the party of housemates we no longer favour.

Are we fast approaching the point where the undoubted benefits of the Internet for serious research will be outweighed by its debilitating side-effects? Or have we passed the point of no return already? Are we simply Googling ourselves to death?


Update (18 Aug 2008): I see from Scott Karp (How Newsrooms Throw Away Value By Not Linking To Sources On The Web) that Nicholas Carr has listed his sources for his article in detail on his blog.